Terrorism is an act, which aims to create fear among ordinary people by illegal means. It is a threat to humanity. It includes persons or groups spreading violence, riots, burglaries, rapes, kidnappings, fighting, bombings, etc. Terrorism is an act of cowardice. Also, terrorism has nothing to do with religion. A terrorist is only a terrorist, not a Hindu or a Muslim. Terrorism has been practiced by political organizations with both rightist and leftist objectives, by nationalistic and religious groups, by revolutionaries, and even by state institutions such as armies, intelligence services, and police. Terrorism is a very real threat that India faces. Through the years, we have seen various terror attacks in different parts of the nation. The one thing that comes to mind when we think of this is bombings.
Types of Terrorism
Terrorism is of two kinds, one is political terrorism which creates panic on a large scale and another one is criminal terrorism which deals in kidnapping to take ransom money. Political terrorism is much more crucial than criminal terrorism because it is done by well-trained persons. It thus becomes difficult for law enforcement agencies to arrest them in time.
Terrorism spread at the national level as well as at the international level. Regional terrorism is the most violent of all. Because the terrorists think that dying as a terrorist is sacred and holy, and thus they are willing to do anything. All these terrorist groups are made for different purposes.
Causes of Terrorism
There are some main causes of terrorism development or production of large quantities of machine guns, atomic bombs, hydrogen bombs, nuclear weapons, missiles, etc. rapid population growth, Politics, Social, Economic problems, dissatisfaction of people with the country’s system, lack of education, corruption, racism, economic inequality, linguistic differences, all these are the major elements of terrorism, and terrorism flourishes after them. People use terrorism as a weapon to prove and justify their point of view. The riots among Hindus and Muslims are the most famous but there is a difference between caste and terrorism.
The Effects of Terrorism
Terrorism spreads fear in people, and people living in the country feel insecure because of terrorism. Due to terrorist attacks, millions of goods are destroyed, the lives of thousands of innocent people are lost, and animals are also killed. Disbelief in humanity raises after seeing a terrorist activity, this gives birth to another terrorist. There exist different types of terrorism in different parts of the country and abroad.
Today, terrorism is not only a problem in India, but in our neighboring country also, and governments across the world are making a lot of effort to deal with it. The attack on the world trade center on September 11, 2001, is considered the largest terrorist attack in the world.
Terrorist Attacks in India
India has suffered several terrorist attacks which created fear among the public and caused huge destruction. Here are some of the major terrorist attacks that hit India in the last few years: 1991 – Punjab Killings, 1993 – Bombay Bomb Blasts, RSS Bombing in Chennai, 2000 – Church Bombing, Red Fort Terrorist Attack,2001- Indian Parliament Attack, 2002 – Mumbai Bus Bombing, Attack on Akshardham Temple, Delhi Bombings, Mumbai Attacks, 2010 – Pune Bombing, Varanasi Bombing. The recent ones include the 2015 – Jammu Attack, Gurdaspur Attack, Pathankot Attack, 2016 – Uri Attack, Baramulla Attack, 2017 – Bhopal Ujjain Passenger Train Bombing, Amarnath Yatra Attack, 2018 Sukma Attack, and 2019- Pulwama attack.
Agencies fighting Terrorism in India
Many police, intelligence, and military organizations in India have formed special agencies to fight terrorism in the country. Major agencies which fight against terrorism in India are Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS), Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), and National Investigation Agency (NIA).
Terrorism has become a global threat that needs to be controlled from the initial level. Terrorism cannot be controlled by law enforcement agencies alone. The people in the world will also have to unite to face this growing threat of terrorism. In all these attacks, over the years, thousands have lost their lives. Civilians that happened to be in the area where the attack was mediated and army and police officers that have fought off terrorists and given up their lives for it. Terror attacks are a deadly threat that the nation takes very seriously. And many measures have been taken over the years to stop the attacks before they happen when possible and take out other terrorists to curb the damage.